Educational Articles

Medications

  • Cyanocobalamin (vitamin B12 or cobalamin) is a vitamin supplement used to treat systemic deficiencies. It can be given through a subcutaneous injection or oral tablet. The injection may sting temporarily, but otherwise is very safe. If a negative reaction occurs, call your veterinary office.

  • Cyclosporine is a medication that targets the immune system and is used to treat atopic (allergic) dermatitis in dogs and cats. Cyclosporine is given by mouth, in the form of a capsule for dogs and a liquid suspension for cats. The most common side effects of cyclosporine are gastrointestinal side effects, such as vomiting, diarrhea, and decreased appetite (anorexia). Cyclosporine should be used with caution in dogs and cats with kidney disease and/or diabetes. If you suspect an overdose or negative reaction to the medication, call your veterinary office immediately.

  • Cytarabine is a chemotherapy medication commonly used off label to treat blood cancers and brain inflammation. It is an injectable solution usually given in the vein by a veterinary professional. Common side effects include gastrointestinal upset and low blood cell counts. This medication should not be used or used with caution in pets with liver or kidney disease, or those that have an allergy to this medication, or pregnant /lactating pets. If a negative reaction occurs, call your veterinary office.

  • Decoquinate is given by mouth and is used off label in dogs to prevent coccidia infections. Side effects are uncommon. Do not use in animals that are allergic to it or to treat coccidia infections (only use as a preventive). If a negative reaction occurs, please call your veterinary office.

  • Deslorelin is injected under the skin or into the muscle and is used on and off-label in horses, ferrets, and dogs to treat reproductive and adrenal conditions (off-label use in the U.S. is prohibited). Give as directed. Common side effects include swelling, sensitivity, redness, and warmth at the injection site. Do not use in pets that are allergic to it. If a negative reaction occurs, please call the veterinary office.  

  • Diazoxide is given by mouth and is used off label to treat low blood sugar associated with insulin-producing tumors of the pancreas. Give as directed by your veterinarian. Common side effects include drooling, lack of appetite, vomiting, and diarrhea. Do not use in pets that are allergic to it or thiazide diuretics, or in pets with low blood sugar due to anything other than a tumor. If a negative reaction occurs, please call your veterinary office.

  • Enilconazole is a topical wash/dip used to treat dermatophytosis (ring worm) in dogs and sometimes in cats. Side effects are uncommon as it is relatively well-tolerated, but in cats may include drooling, vomiting, lack of appetite, weight loss, muscle weakness, and elevated liver enzymes. Do not use in cats unless directed by your veterinarian. If a negative reaction occurs, please call your veterinary office.

  • Enrofloxacin otic (brand name Baytril® Otic) an antibacterial and antifungal agent used in the treatment of ear infections in dogs and cats. Its use in cats off label or extra label. This medication should not be used in dogs that are allergic to quinolones or in young puppies. Hearing loss and transient vestibular disorders may occur in some pets. If your pet has trouble with balance, stop using the medication and contact your veterinarian. Some medications may interact with enrofloxacin so it is important to tell your veterinarian about any medications that your pet is taking.

  • Erythromycin is given by mouth or injection and is used off label to treat bacterial infections and gastrointestinal motility problems in many animal species. Common side effects include diarrhea, lack of appetite, and vomiting. Do not use in pets that are allergic to it, have liver disease or dysfunction, or in pets such as rabbits, gerbils, guinea pigs, or hamsters. If a negative reaction occurs, please call your veterinary office.

  • Famciclovir (brand name Famvir®) is an anti-viral medication used to treat feline herpesvirus (FHV-1). Famciclovir comes in tablet form; however your veterinarian may compound it into a liquid form. The usual side effects of famciclovir include decreased appetite and increased amounts of urine. Any side effects should be reported to your veterinarian.